Chapter 2

Term Definition
Fertile Crescent A region of rich farmland that curves from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf centered on the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Mesopotamia The area that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Southwest Asia.
Ziggurat A Sumerian temple made of sun-dried brick that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess if a particular city-state.
City-state A political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it.
Polytheism The belief in many gods.
Dynasty A family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary.
Cuneiform Sumerian writing.
Sargon King of Akkad in Mesopotamia: he is considered the founder of Mesopotamia and conquered many cities along the middle Euphrates to Northern Syria.
Hammurabi King of Babylonia: he was a brilliant military leader who brought all of Mesopotamia into the Babylonian Empire. He is known for his uniform code of 282 laws, the earliest known set of written laws.
Indo-Europeans A group of semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around 1700 BC.
Steppes Arid grasslands.
Nebuchadnezzar II Chaldean king of Babylon from 605 to 562 BC; he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city noted for its famed Hanging Gardens.
Judaism A monotheistic religion originating with the Israelites, tracing its origins to Abraham, and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud.
Torah The first five books of the Hebrew Bible; the most sacred texts of the Jewish faith.
Abraham According to the Bible, the originator of the Jewish line of descent; according to the Qu'ran, the ancestor of the Arabs; he held a deep devotion to and a great trust in the will of god.
Covenant A blinding agreement.
Patriarch An ancestral "father" of Judaism.
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver; according to the Bible, he led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus. According the Bible, it was during this journey that he received the Ten Commandments from God.
Exodus The escape of the Hebrews from Egypt.
Diaspora The dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine during the 2,600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC by the Chaldeans.
Monotheism The belief in one god.
Cyrus the Great King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire; he defeated the Median army and united the Persians and Medians under his rule.
Darius I King of Persia from 522 to 486 BC; he reorganized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government.
Satrap Governors of ancient Persia.
Xerxes King of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks.
Zoroaster Religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia; he founded a religious known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they choose.
Dualism The belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil.

Chapter 2

Term Definition
Fertile Cresent A region of rich farmland that curves from the Mediterranean sea to the Persian Gulf centered on the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Mesopotamia The area that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Southwest Asia.
ziggurat a Sumerian temple made of sun-dried brick that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a particular city-state.
city-state A political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it.
polytheism The belief in many gods.
dynasty A family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary.
cuneiform Sumerian writing.
Sargon King of Akkad in Mesopotamia;he is considered the founder of Mesopotamia and conquered cities along the Middle Euphrates to northern Syria.He established trade routes with the Indus Valley,the coast of the Oman islands, and the shores of the Persian Gulf.
Hammurabi King of Babylonia; he was a brilliant military leader who brought all of Mesopotamia into the Babylonian Empire. He is known for his uniform code of 282 laws, the earliest known set of written laws.
Indo-Europeans A group of semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around 1700 BC.
steppes Arid grasslands.
Nebuchadnezzar II Chaldean King of Babylon from 605 to 562 BC; he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city noted for its famed Hanging Gardens.
Judiasm A monotheistic religion originating with the Israelites, tracing its origins to Abraham, and having the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud.
Torah The first five books of the Hebrew Bible; the most sacred texts of the Jewish faith.
Abraham According to the Bible, the originator of Jewish line of descent; according to Qu'ran, the ancestor of the Arabs; he held a deep devotion to and a great trust in the will of God.
covenant A binding agreement.
patriarch An ancestral "father" of Judaism.
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver; according to the Bible, he led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus. According to the bible, it was during this journey that he recieved the Ten Commandments from God.
Exodus The escape of the Hebrews from Egypt.
Diaspora The dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine during the 2,600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC by the Chaldeans.
monotheism The belief in one god.
Cyrus the Great King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire; he defeated the Median army and united the Persians and Medians under his rule.
Darious I King of Persian from 522 to 486 BC; he recognized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government.
satrap Governors of ancient Persia.
Xerxes King of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks.
Zoroaster Religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia; he founded a religion known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they choose.
dualism The belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil.

Chapter 2

Question Answer
Cyrus the Great A leader in the Persians in 559 BC, his actual name was Cyrus ll
Darius He was a new leader for Persia.
Satrap To help rule, Darius chose governors called Satrap
Xerxes He?s an Emperor and he is also the son of Darius
Zoroaster During the regions of Cyrus and Darius, a new religion took hold in parts of Persia. It was called Zoroastrianism and was based on the teachings of a man named Zoroaster
Dualism The belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil

Unit 1 chapter 1 Julissa Salazar

Term Definition
Direct democracy Is a system of a government in which an assembly of ordinary citizens makes decisions.
Decline To lose strength or power
Distinct Clearly or different
Economy System governing the production use and distribution of goods
Invest To purchase something that hope the value will grow
Finance To pay for
Immigrate To move to a foreign
Deprive To take away or hold back needed

Ch. 2

Term Definition
Fertile Crescent a band of fertile land; curves between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf.
Mesopotamia means "between the rivers"; a area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Ziggurat A pyramid structure at the heart of the temple which rose to the sky.
City-State a political unit with its own government.
Polytheism the belief in many gods.
Dynasty a series of of rulers from one family.
Cuneiform Sumerian writing; Sumerian uses sharp tools to make wedged-shaped symbols on clay tablets.
Sargon King of Akkad in Mesopotamia; considered the founder of Mesopotamia; conquered many cities along the middle Euphrates; established trade routes with the Indus Valley.
Hammurabi King of Babylonian; was a brilliant military leader; known for his uniform code of 282 laws, earliest know set of written laws.
Indo-Europeans several tribes who spoke related languages .
Steppes arid grasslands
Nebuchadnezzar II most famous Chaldean King; known as both warrior and as a builder. Fought the Egyptians and the Jews.
Judaism a monotheistic religion; originating with the Israelites; tracing origins to Abraham; having spiritual and ethical principles; embodied briefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud.
Torah the most sacred text of Judaism
Abraham originator of the Jewish line of descent according to Qu'ran; ancestor of the Arabs; held a deep devotion to and a great trust in the will of God.
Covenant solemn promise
Patriarch ancestral "fathers"
Moses Hebrew prophet; lawgiver; led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus. received the Ten Commandments from God according the bible.
Exodus the escape of the Hebrews from Egypt
Diaspora dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine during the 2,600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC by the Chaldeans.
Monotheism the belief in one God.
Cyrus the Great King of Persia; founder of the Persian Empire; defeated the Median army and united the Persians and Median under his rule.
Darius I King of Persia from 522 to 486 BC; reorganized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government.
Satrap governors; each satrap governed a region or satrapy in the emperor's name.
Xerxes King of Persia; son of Darius I; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks.
Zoroaster Religious teacher; prophet of ancient Persia; founded a religion known as Zoroastrianism; based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they choose.
Dualism the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil.

Flocabulary 1

Term Definition
Abate To make or become less in amount or intensity
Abnormal Not normal
Abrupt Sudden or unexpected
Accelerate To speed up, or to cause to speed up
Affliction The cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such suffering
Flabbergast To surprise or amaze people into a state of shock
Grim Gloomy, harsh, and frightening
Incredulous Not willing to believe something
Notify To let someone know; to inform
Perceive To become aware of through any of the senses, especially sight or hearing
Robust Strong or healthy
Rupture To break or burst
Throb To pound or beat rapidly or violently
Trivial Of very little importance or value
Wince To move back suddenly as though in pain or fear

chorus 1 chorus 2

Question Answer
quarter note – receives one beat of sound
Quarter rest – receives on beat of silence
Half note – – receives two beats of sound
Half rest receives two beats of silence
Whole note receives four beats of sound
Whole rest – – receives four beats of silence
Eighth note – receives ? a beat of sound
Eighth rest – Eighth rest – receives ? a beat of silence
Sixteenth note – – receives ? a beat of sound
Sixteenth rest – receives ? a beat of silence
Staff – five lines and four spaces where music is written
staff- five lines and four spaces where music is written
Measure – – the space between the barline
Bar line – a symbol that separates the notes into measures
a symbol that separates the notes into measures
a symbol that separates the notes into measures
a symbol that separates the notes into measures
a symbol that separates the notes into measures

Flocabulary

Term Definition
abate to make or become less in amount of intensity
abnormal not normal
abrupt sudden or unexpected
accelerate to speed up, or to cause to speed up
affliction to cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such suffering
flabbergast to surprise or amaze people into a state of shock
grim gloomy, harsh, and frightening
incredulous not willing to believe something
notify to let someone know; to inform
percieve to become aware of through ant of the senses, especially sight or hearing
robust strong or healthy
rupture to break or burst; the act of breaking or bursting
throb to pound or beat rapidly or violently; to pulse or viberate
trivial of very little importance or value
wince to move back suddenly as though in pain or fear

Stack #2576204

Question Answer
Republic a government in wich citizens have the right to vote and elect officials
Julius a military leader who became Rome's ,"director of life ".
Assasinate to murder an important an important person ,like a king,emperor or dictator
August an emperor of Roman Empire , whose reign was the period of peace called the Pax Romana