UNIT 1 AP PSYCH everything on the study guide

psychometrics make measurements/assessments for psychology
developmental study changes as people age
educational study how people learn and study
personality study patterns of thinking/behavior
social study SOCIAL interactions in groups, gangs, cults,
industrial-organizational how to better workplace, productivity, assist with recruitment/assessment of employees
human factors/engineering/ergonomics why are products designed the way they are, consider human preferences in product design
counseling need masters, deals with minor life issues, cannot diagnose disorders
clinical diagnoses disorders, need PhD, cannot prescribe med
psychiatrists diagnose disorders, prescribe medicine
community psychology study interactions between people and environment
Psychology definition scientific study of behavior and mental processes
roots of psychology biology and philosophy
monism mind and body are the same thing, consciousness (mind) is a function of the brain
dualism mind and body are separate, consciousness interacts with body
empiricism method of research that draws conclusions only from observations, NO ASSUMPTIONS
Wilhelm Wundt first to do lab experiments, founded structuralism
Edward Tichener set up introspection lab in Cornell, studied structuralism
G. Stanley Hall introspection lab in John Hopkins, founded APA and was first prez.
William James founded functionalism
Mary Whiton Calkins completed PhD, didn't graduate, first female prez of APA, studied structuralism and functionalism
Margaret Washburn first to graduate with PhD, second femala APA prez.
Functionalism studied purpose of thoughts and actions and behavior
structuralism study basic elements of consciousness, thoughts and feelings
Gestalt Psychology opposite of structuralism, studied consciouness as a whole, idea that brain perceives things as a whole, (figure-ground, closure, similarity, proximity, connectedness, continuity)
Behaviorists (list) Ivan Pavlov, B.F Skinner, John B. Watson
studied psychodynamic sigmund freud
humanists abraham maslow and carl rogers
evoluntionists charles darwin
figure-ground phenomenon subconsciously distinguishing between foreground and background
closure see things as completed when its not
similarity same appearances –> grouped together
proximity close together –> grouped together
continuity tendency to see lines in a smooth fluid motion
connectedness things physically connected together –> associated together