The Constitution

Question Answer
The Legislative Branch -Bicameral Legislature=2 houses of Congress(House of Representatives/Senate)
House of Representatives -Direct Democracy= will be directly elected by the people
–each state gets at least one
–2 year term
-Requirements include:
1 .25 years old
2. 7 year residency
3 .lives n the state being elected
The Census calculates state population which is used to determine a state's representative #
3/5ths compromise for every 5 slaves=3 people for census
What power does the The Legislative Branch have? Impeachment power:
-president and judges
what are the senator Requirements? -30 years old
-9 year residency
–6 year term
–states choose own senators (not people)
elections for senators -every 2 years
only 1/3 of the senate can be up for re-election
Vice President -President of the Senate ( but has no vote unless there is a tie)
President Pro Temp -senator of the majority party who presides over the US Senate in the absence of the vice president.
Impeachment -trial
-need 2/3 to evict a president (super majority=more than half)
Who are Elections run by? the states
When are meetings held? -first Monday in December
-at least once a year (Congress)
what does the House and senate do in an election? -decide the outcomes of it (ex. controversy)
Quorum allowed to have a meeting if half of House & half of Senate attend
what is required to expel a member? need 2/3 vote
Salary of congress -Set by law
(if they want to give themselves a raise, they have to be re-elected)
What is are advantages/disadvantages Congress has? – cant be criminally prosecuted for anything said or do IN Congress
-cant have any other gov job
When can Congress be arrested? for treason/felony/Breach of the Peace
Who has the power to start revenue bills (tax bills)? House of Reps
How does a bill become a law? It has to be approved by both the House and the Senate and signed off by the president
Veto When the president does not sign a bill ( it goes back to the house it originated)
Pocket veto When the president does nothing (occurs when Congress adjourns the 10 day period)
The elastic clause Grants Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers
What is congress limited to? Regulate slave trade
Hebeas corpus Means to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing of the order and to show a valid reason for the persons detention
What can't Congress pass? Bills of attainder and Ex post Facto laws
Bills of attainder Laws to punish individuals
Ex post facto laws Can't arrest someone for doing something that isn't illegal yet
What can't states do with each other? Form alliances or treaties, and coin money
What can't states impose Taxes on things leaving or coming into their state
Can a state declare war? No
What are the requirements to be president? You have to be 35 years old, 14 year resident and you have to be a natural born American
What happens if no one wins the electoral college? The house of reps choose the winner (indirect democracy)
How does someone become president? They have to receive a majority of electoral votes (270) one more than half
538 The sum of the nations 435 representatives, 100 senators, and three electors
Who is the commander-in-chief of the Army and navy of the United States? The president
Does the President have the power to grant pardons for offenses against the US? Yes, except in cases of impeachment
What is needed to make a Treaty? The advice and consent of the Senate provided 2/3 of the senators agree
Can the president propose laws? Yes, but he has to execute the laws that Congress passes
Can the president declare war? No
Who can declare war? Congress
Who can the president choose? Judges and cabinet members
What do the judicial powers establish? A supreme Court
How long can supreme and federal court judges hold their offices? As long as I have good behavior (a.k.a. forever)
–for life
What is true concerning a judges salary? It cannot be diminished
How is treason defined? Waging war against the united States or giving aid and comfort to the enemy
What is required to be accused of treason? 2 witnesses or a confession
Amendment proposal requirement 2/3 of Congress consent
Amendment ratification requirement 3/4 of state legislatures
Who has more power: the federal government or the sates? The federal government
The first amendment Protects freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, and right to petition
The second amendment A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed
The third amendment No soldier can in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in manner to be prescribed by law
The fourth amendment Rght of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures
The fifth amendment Imposes restrictions on the governments prosecution of persons accused of crimes it prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy and mandates due process of law
The sixth amendment Guarantees a cytisine a speedy trial, affair Jerry, and attorney if you kiss person wants one, and the chance to confront the witness who is accusing the defendant of a crime
The seventh amendment