Debate Lecture 1 Debate Lecture 1 Quiz

Question Answer
Argumentation is a _______ and _______ product, process
Messages (product) implicit/explicit language capable of being analyzed and appraised
Interaction (process) resolving problems, to persuade or be influence)
What are the Greeks given credit for? providing the classical forms in which to assess what is claimed the underlying assumption behind the process of argumentation is that truth can be discovered, three formal structures
What are the Three Formal Structures in which to assess what is claimed? Rhetoric, Logic and Dialectic
Rhetoric often perceived as negative activity, however, the classical view presents it as the study of how messages influence people; how effective communication is achieved between listener and speaker; "thinking (or speaking) rhetorically"
What does "Thinking Rhetorically" mean? reasoning with audience predispositions (tendencies) in mind
Logic mistakenly seen as only formal symbolic or mathematical reasoning; informal logic, from which argumentation borrows, is grounded in ordinary language and describes reasoning patterns that reflect the certainty of mathematics
Dialectic related to the process of deliberation, understood as the grand clashes of opposing historical forces as described by Karl Marx; in actuality, it refers to the process of discovery and testing of knowledge through questions and answers
Argumentation essentially involves _______ considerations ethical
What are the ethical considerations when arguing? limit on freedom of choice?; application of superior-inferior force?; doesnt influence ppl against will but seeks free assent; w/o influence or persuasion, conditions of society & community not possible; argument respects diff. ways of thinking and reason
What are the Five Assumptions Underpinning any Debate? looks adversarial but is inherently cooperative interaction; possesses level of uncertainty; presents controversial multi-dimensional diff. that needs to be resolved; presumes truth can be discovered via rigorous exam. of justifications for ones claims
What are the Five Assumptions Underpinning any Debate? (Cont.) presents risks for participants – humiliation of being proven wrong or influenced to think differently without force or coercion; finally, that we accept there is a silent partner- the audience -who willingly agrees to listen and be influenced
Explicit fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied
Implicit implied, rather than expressly stated
Without arguing important topics, we cannot have a society that is making ________ progress
1 Peter 3:15 But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect
Proverbs 18:17 In a lawsuit the first to speak seems right, until someone comes forward and cross-examines
Socrates did not teach _____ the right way or the right _____ truth