Civics – Chapter 12 Vocabulary Terms and Definitions

Term Definition
Unicameral One-house legislature
Bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Federal System The sharing of power between the central and state governments
Preamble The opening section of the Constitution
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people
Separation of Powers The split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks and Balances A system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the powers of the others
Amend To change, or edit
Suffrage The right to vote
Segregation The social separation of the races
Civil Rights The rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
Boycott The refusal to purchase certain goods