Chapter 2

Term Definition
Enlightenment The movement that spread the idea that reason and science coulf improve society
monarch king or queen
legislature a group of people that makes laws
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for judicial decision, in a later, similar case
common law a system of laws bases on precedent and customs
natural rights freedoms people possess relating to life, liberty, and property.
social contract an agreement among people in a society with a government
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by another elsewhere
joint-stock company investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
charter a written document granting land the the authority to set up colonial governments or a government document granting permission to organize a corporation
compact An agreement, or contract, among a group of people
proprietary colony are with owner-controlled land and a government
royal colony a colonial area of land that is ruled directly by a king or monarch
religious dissenters those who follow a religious faith other than the official religion of England
puritans religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the anglican church
pilgrums colonial puritans who consider themselves people on a religious journey
toleration acceptance of other groups, such as other religious groups
indentured servant workers who contracted with american colonist in food and shelter in return for their labor
plantation a large estate
triangular trade pattern of trade the developed during the colonial times among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
tidewater areas of low, flat plains near the seacoast of virginia and north carolina
egalitarianism the philosophy or spirit of equality
mercantilism the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
boycott The refusal to purchase certain goods.
repeal to cancel a law
delegate a representative to a meeting
independence self-reliance and freedom from outside control