ch1

Term Definition
Civics The study of the rights and duties of citizens.
Citizenship Rights and duties of members of a states.
Citizen community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
Service economy Where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product.
Value The general principles or belief people use to make judgments and decisions.
Popular sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people.
Institution Sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions of society.
Naturalization A legal process to obtain citizenship.
Alien A noncitizen.
Inmigrant A person who moves permanently to a new country.
Deport To send an alien or immigrant back to his or her own country.
Government The ruling authority for a community.
Public policy The course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem.
Budget A plan for making and spending money.
Democracy A government in which the citizens hold the power to rule.
Direct democracy A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand.
Representative democracy A government in which the citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
Republic A representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmakers.
Monarchy A government with a hereditary, single leader.
Majority rule Political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the powers to make laws binding upon all the people.
Authoritarian A government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power.
Totalitarian A system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives.