CBAUnit1 CBAUnit1 Hardware and Software

Term Definition
Application software computer software created to allow the user to perform specific a job or task
Examples: Word processing, Spreadsheets, Database, and Graphics software
Central Processing Unit (CPU) executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several
processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer
File management – A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy, or delete files, folders, or an entire file system
Input device – data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse
Login the action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called Login/Sign In
Memory computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Operating system system software that acts as a "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Output device – allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones, or speakers
Peripheral additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used
Save – storing data for later use
Save As – a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name, or file type) before saving it
Storage device – external hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
System software – software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application
software, and file management
System unit – a computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage