AP Gov Unit 1 Test AP Government

Question Answer
What's the definition of government? Institutions through which a society makes and enforces public policies
What are the three linkage institutions? Media, interest groups, and political parties
What are the six purposes of government? To form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure the domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty
Obey the laws go with which purpose of government? To insure the domestic tranquility
Pay your taxes go with which purpose of government? To promote the general welfare
Serve on jury duty if summoned go with which purpose of government? To establish justice
Serve in the military if drafted go with which purpose of government? Provide for the common defense
What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation? Couldn't solve the problems of the US Or disputes between states
What are the three levels of government? National, State, and Local
How many state governments are there? 50
How many local governments are there? 89,000
What are the three branches of government? Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Where is power concentrated in a Unitary Government, and where's an example of Unitary government? National government; United Kingdom/Great Britain
Where is power concentrated in a Federal Government, and give example National AND State level; United States
Where is power concentrated in a Confederate Government, and give example State level; European Union (EU)
What's the purpose of the legislative branch? Makes laws
Purpose of judicial branch? Interprets laws
Purpose of executive branch? Enforces laws
Describe the relationship between the legislative and executive branches with Presidential Government Voters elect the legislature and the Chief Executive who is part of the Executive Branch. The legislature and executive are independent and coequal
Describe the relationship between the legislative and executive branches with Parliamentary Government Voters elect the legislature. The Chief Executive is drawn from the Legislature
What are the four characteristics of a state? Population, territory, government, sovereignty
What are the four theories of how states arose? Force theory, evolutionary theory, divine rights of kings theory, and social contract theory
Explain the Force Theory One person/small group took control of an area and forced all within it to submit to that person's/group's rule
Explain the Evolutionary Theory The state evolved naturally out of the early family. Led to clans, tribes, agriculture, then the state
Explain the Divine Right of Kings Theory God chose one person to rule (royal birth)
Explain the Social Contract Theory The state arose out of a voluntary act of free people. Men agreed to form a government for protection and order by contract.
Describe direct democracy All/more of the citizens participate directly in either holding office or making policy
What's an advantage of direct democracy? Gives the people 100% of the power but only good for small population sizes
Disadvantage(s) of direct democracy? Impractical in large populations/countries and very time consuming
Describe indirect democracy The people elect officials to make laws, policies, and political decisions for them
Advantage(s) of indirect democracy? Not time consuming and creates professional politicians
What are the direct democracy examples? Referendums and Initiatives
What is a referendum? Legislature submits a proposed law to a popular vote by the citizens (voters) during an election
What is an initiative? Citizens write and submit a proposed law to a popular vote by the citizens (voters) during an election after obtaining a required number of signatures. BASICALLY: People take the initiative and write the bill themselves
Why did the Framers of U.S. Constitution NOT favor democracy Fear of excessive democracy (mob rule)
What are the seven theories of political power in America? Majoritarian, power elite, pluralist, hyper-pluralism, class view, bureaucratic, and creedal passion view theory
Traditional Democratic (Majoritarian) Theory The people have the majority of power and control the government by electing officials and representatives to make laws on their behalf
Pluralist Theory Political power is shared by many because there are so many government institutions, interest groups, and companies all competing for power that no single class, party, or group can dominate
Hyper-Pluralism Theory Democracy is a system of many groups having so much strength that the government is often "pulled" in numerous directions at the same time, causing gridlock and ineffectiveness (negative view, gov is weakened)
Power Elite Theory Small number of powerful elite form an upper class, which ules in its own interest. Most are wealthy and not elected
Bureaucratic Theory Appointed officials run everything despite the efforts of the elected officials
Class View Theory Government is dominated by wealthy business owners/capitalist
Creedal Passion Theory Morally impassioned elites rule government
What are the four types of politics? Majoritarian, interest group, client, and entrepreneurial politics
Describe Majoritarian politics A policy in which almost everybody benefits and almost everybody pays
Describe interest group politics One small group benefits and another small group pays
Describe client politics One small group benefits and almost everybody pays
Describe entrepreneurial politics A policy in which almost everybody benefits and a small group pays
What are the five basic foundations of democracy? Worth of the individual, equality of all persons, majority rule/minority rights, necessity of compromise, and insistence of individual freedom